2003 WNV activity by state One reason to stay vigilant is that researchers are learning more about how serious West Nile is in people, O’Leary added. Ongoing studies of neuroinvasive cases show some patients suffer “lingering neurologic problems months or even years after the initial disease.” Although the epidemic’s severity dropped in 2004, O’Leary urged people to continue to use precautions against West Nile. Sep 8, 2004, CIDRAP News story on lingering effects of West Nile fever The hardest-hit states this year were in the West and Southwest, as measured by the numbers of neuroinvasive cases. California had 154 cases, Arizona 128, Texas 105, and Colorado 39. In contrast, last year California and Arizona had only 2 and 7 neuroinvasive cases respectively, while Colorado had 621. Texas was about the same last year, with 108 cases. Because West Nile fever is less severe, and because reporting of fever won’t be nationally mandated until 2005, experts focus on the neuroinvasive cases, explained Dan O’Leary, DVM, a medical epidemiologist in CDC’s Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases in Fort Collins, Colo. Dec 29, 2004 (CIDRAP News) West Nile virus continued its relentless blanketing of the United States in 2004, marching westward but leaving far fewer dead and ill people in its wake than it did last year. Once a state has the virus, it remains endemic from season to season, O’Leary said. Only Washington state has reported finding the virus in animals (a bird and a horse in 2002) without seeing any subsequent animal or human cases. Cooler weather appears to reduce the spread of the virus, which may contribute to Washington’s situation, he added. 2004 WNV activity by state Only about 20% of people infected with the virus get sick and only about 1 in 150 infected people has neurologic involvement, according to information on CDC’s Web site. A mosquito-borne pathogen, West Nile virus was discovered in New York City in 1999 and spread steadily westward in the ensuing years. Now some 55 species of mosquito carry the virus, although Culex mosquitoes are considered the primary vectors, O’Leary said. Although the epidemic had as broad a geographic reach this year as last year, the 2004 case total represented a sharp drop from last year’s 9,862 cases. The 2003 total included 6,830 fever cases, 2,866 cases of neuroinvasive disease, and 166 unspecified cases. There were 264 deaths. A total of 2,448 cases have been reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta so far this year. That includes 87 deaths, 888 cases of neuroinvasive disease (West Nile meningitis and West Nile encephalitis), 1,011 West Nile fever cases, and 549 other clinical or unspecified cases. “States where the virus has occurred previously and continues to occur, there is ongoing human risk. People shouldn’t let down their guard because it wasn’t a big epidemic,” he said. He recommended checking local West Nile activity on state health department Web sites and remembering to use effective mosquito sprays for outdoor activities. As in past years, some severe localized outbreaks occurred this year, often on the leading edge of the West Nile wave or in places where the virus arrived within the past year, O’Leary said. Last year Colorado had a severe epidemic with 2,947 total cases, but this year the center of West Nile activity moved west, he said. Phoenix, Ariz., and Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles counties in California saw more than 100 cases each. However, Mesa County, Colo., had about 125 cases this year, he said. See also: Aside from the change in the number of people afflicted, other aspects of the disease this year were generally consistent with past years. The 87 deaths this year represent a case-fatality rate for neuroinvasive disease of about 9.8%, compared with a rate of about 9.2% in 2003. O’Leary said the neuroinvasive case-fatality rate has remained steady at about 9% to 10% since the virus landed on US soil.
Manchester United fans have lambasted Ole Gunnar Solskjaer for using Nigeria star, Odion Ighalo, as a substitute in the Sunday’s FA Cup disaster against Chelsea. Ighalo was introduced in the second half, but he was unable to rescue Manchester United from going out of the FA Cup. Promoted ContentWhat Are The Most Delicious Foods Out There?Birds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For Them10 Risky Jobs Some Women DoA Hurricane Can Be As Powerful As 10 Atomic BombsBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever MadePlaying Games For Hours Can Do This To Your Body10 Dystopian Movie Worlds You’d Never Want To Live In14 Hilarious Comics Made By Women You Need To Follow Right NowYou’ve Only Seen Such Colorful Hairdos In A Handful Of AnimeBest Car Manufacturers In The World6 Ridiculous Health Myths That Are Actually TrueTop 7 Best Car Manufacturers Of All Time Loading… Ighalo was surprisingly left out of the starting line up by Manchester United’s manager Ole Gunnar Solskjaer, after scoring three goals in two starts for the club in the competition. Solskjaer started with Marcus Rashford as the lone striker and it proved to be a tactical blunder by the Norwegian at the end as young England forward struggled on his own upfront. Ighalo later replaced the young English forward in the last few minutes of the game, but he unable to help rescue the team as Chelsea were already out of sight. Chelsea got their goals through Olivier Giroud, Mason Mount, and Harry Maguire’s own goal, but United got their consolation from a penalty kick converted by Bruno Fernandes. It was a big heartbreak for Ighalo who has now missed out of a place in final with Watford and Manchester United respectively, despite coming so close. While reacting to the result on social media, Manchester United supporters faulted their manager for the result, some of them opined that he should have started the game with Odion Ighalo who has been prolific in the cup competitions. Meanwhile, the defeat is the first in 20 matches for Manchester United and they will be hoping to bounce back read also:FA Cup: Ighalo inspired by Wembley heartbreak when they host in from West Ham United on Wednesday in the premier league. The Red Devils will end their domestic campaign away to Leicester City on the 26th of July and then take on LASK in the Europa League on the 4th of August. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享
After upsetting two top 10 teams last week, the men’s volleyball team looks to feed off its first back-to-back victories of 2017 and defeat No. 11 Cal State Northridge and No. 2 Long Beach State on the road this week. The newly ranked No. 14 Trojans hope to take certain elements from both wins and duplicate them to continue their winning streak.“Well, the winning would be great to replicate,” head coach Jeff Nygaard said. “Our guys kept composure and kept challenging, which is one of the things I would love to move forward.”USC’s youth played a role in its early-season struggles. Having a young team can be difficult when going up against teams with four or five returning starters, but it was in the last two games that younger members like sophomore middle blocker Ryan Moss and sophomore outside hitter Woody Cook started to put up big numbers. With these players continuing to improve, the Trojans will look to continue contending against top-ranked teams.“It’s not like saying, ‘You can’t do this’ or ‘You don’t know how to do this,’” Nygaard said. “It is more of that they need to embody this and gain experience and apply these types of skills in real situations so that they just get more comfort and proficiency with them.”For all players, the best — and most obvious — way to increase confidence is by getting a win, and the Trojans had two last week. While they are not going to face these teams over-confidently, they will go in more sure of their system and their ability to produce wins over top teams.“It validates what we are doing,” Nygaard said. “Things that we get really good at at practice have to translate to how we perform on the court when the lights are on.”Even with this newfound confidence, neither of these matches is going to be easy for USC. Both teams boast strength, precision and consistency. The Trojans fell in three sets to Northridge in their last meeting, and with Long Beach State, USC is looking to repeat its victory from the two teams’ last meeting and hand the 49ers their second loss in conference play.“One of the challenges that Northridge brings is that they are a physical team,” Nygaard said. “If you allow them to get loose with their physicality, it is hard to bring them back down and control them.“Long Beach … was a top three team last year and they are basically the same team [this year]. They know how to play together. They are a strong volleyball team. They don’t have many weaknesses.”The Trojans will look to extend their upset-winning streak against two more favored opponents this week, with Cal State Northridge first up. First serve is scheduled for 7 p.m. at the Matadome on Wednesday. Long Beach State comes next, with that match set to start at 7 p.m. on Friday at the Walter Pyramid.