Jeffrey Bada at the Scripps Institute is finding more interesting stuff in Stanley Miller’s spark-discharge tubes – with a little tweaking of ingredients. Scientific American acknowledges that the famous experiment fell into disrepute when scientists used a more realistic atmosphere: “It seemed to refute a long-cherished icon of evolution—and creationists quickly seized on it as supposed evidence of evolution’s wobbly foundations” (see also Robert Shapiro’s critique in the 02/15/2007 entry, “the soup kettle is empty”). This realization caused many in origin-of-life research to postulate that the building blocks of life came special delivery, from comets and meteors. Bada decided to try a variation. He neutralized the acids and removed the nitrites that interfere with amino acid formation, and got amino acids to form in abundance. He rationalized this by saying that iron and carbonates on the early earth would have neutralized the primordial soup in a similar way. Other researchers were buoyed by this finding. They think it will tip the paradigm back toward local formation of amino acids on the Earth, through lightning and radiation. Others caution that not all the building blocks can be formed in this manner; special delivery may still be required.Same problems: mixed handedness, no concentrating mechanism, no peptide bond formation mechanism, no nucleic acids or sugars, competing reactions, investigator interference, the fallacy of using the intelligent design of the scientist to emulate chance and necessity, etc. Check our extensive reporting on origin-of-life research and debates by following the “origin of life” chain links going back over six years. Interesting that they called this an icon of evolution. Jonathan Wells had a whole chapter about the Miller experiment in his book of that name. They also are painfully aware that creationists have had a field day with the refutation of the Miller icon. On the ropes since the heady days of the 1950s, the OOL research community thinks there may be life in the useful lie yet (05/02/2003). Not likely. Creationists not only seized this wobbly player in Darwin’s wrestling match; they have him in a chokehold on the floor. He will need a lot more nutrition than a few random amino acids to get up again.(Visited 27 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
19 November 2013Rural Development and Land Reform Minister Gugile Nkwinti and Gauteng Agriculture MEC Nandi Mayathula-Khoza officially launched the Akwande food garden project outside Bronkhorstspruit, east of Pretoria, on Friday.The co-operative food garden in Sokhulumi village will soon be supplying its fresh produce to retailer Massmart, the South African subsidiary of US retail giant Walmart, under an agreement between Massmart and non-governmental organisation TechnoServe South Africa.The three-year supplier development agreement, signed last year, aims to link small farmers directly to Massmart stores.“Akwande food garden project now has a market,” Mayathula-Khoza said at Friday’s launch. “They will be selling their fresh produce to Massmart. They are going to be one of the biggest producers of tomatoes in Gauteng, if not in the country.”“As government, we are happy to see our people working together to fight poverty, unemployment and hunger through agricultural cooperatives,” she added.Akwande project manager Peter Sekwele said that although they were already selling their fresh produce to Pick ‘n Pay, Spar and Shoprite, they were excited by the government’s efforts to help them access a new market.“My colleagues and I will continue working very hard to produce more food, not only for our community, but for the country as a whole,” he said.Since the food garden was started in 2010, Sekwele said residents no longer had to travel to Bronkhorstspruit to buy tomatoes and other vegetables.“I can proudly say that we are feeding our community and we’ve created permanent jobs for 20 locals, of which 16 are women. Apart from tomatoes, we also grow cabbage and beetroot and other vegetables on our four hectares of land.”The tomatoes are grown hydroponically, which recycles water and nutrients, and also optimises space. Hydroponic tomato plants grow faster than the soil-grown plants, and their yield is greater. Plants are grown in a controlled environment without weeds, insects or soil-borne diseases.The Akwande food garden project is part of the government’s Comprehensive Rural Development Project, or Masibambisane project, aimed at creating jobs and providing support for smallholder farmers in poor rural communities.“This is a typical Masibambisane project, because government and the private sector are providing support, while the people are in charge of their own co-operative,” Nkwinti said.The project also caters for the children of the farmworkers by providing play equipment. Sekwele said: “We got the equipment so that when the mothers are busy working at the project, their kids can play.”Source: SAnews.gov.za
Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC PH squash team after their 2017 SEA Games gold medal match. Photo by Marc ReyesKUALA LUMPUR—The Philippine men’s squash team, which upset Malaysia in the semifinals on Monday, surrendered to Singapore, 2-1, in the final Tuesday night at National Squash Center here in Kuala Lumpur Sports Center.The Filipinos settled for another silver, the other in women’s doubles, in the penultimate day of competition.ADVERTISEMENT Read Next Catriona Gray spends Thanksgiving by preparing meals for people with illnesses Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH LATEST STORIES UPLB exempted from SEA Games class suspension Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games PLAY LIST 03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games00:50Trending Articles01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games03:04Filipino athletes share their expectations for 2019 SEA Games00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games LOOK: Venues for 2019 SEA Games MOST READ WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Filipinos bag another silver in sepak takraw Reymark Bergornia dropped the opening match, 11-1, 11-3, 11-16, to Pang Ka Hoe. But Robert Andrew Garcia equalised after beating Benedict Chan, 11-8, 9-11, 11-8, 11-9, in the second match.That left David William Pelino to carry the fight for the gold but he succumbed to the faster and craftier Samuel Kang, 11-4, 11-4, 11-5, in the deciding match.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout SEA Games in Calabarzon safe, secure – Solcom chief View comments
While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up. I should qualify this post by saying I don’t believe Mason Rudolph will go to the NFL after this season. Head coach Mike Gundy doesn’t believe he should, either. He’s probably right.But ESPN draft messiah Mel Kiper Jr. has Rudolph as his No. 10 QB for the 2017 Draft right now. Every single QB he has listed is either a sophomore or a junior. Here is the full list.*Mitch Trubisky, North Carolina*Patrick Mahomes, Texas Tech*Deshaun Watson, Clemson**DeShone Kizer, Notre Dame*Brad Kaaya, Miami (Fla.)*Baker Mayfield, Oklahoma*Luke Falk, Washington State**Wilton Speight, Michigan**Clayton Thorson, Northwestern*Mason Rudolph, Oklahoma StateOne asterisk denotes a junior, and two asterisks denote a redshirt sophomore for the 2016 season.At this time last year, Kiper had some guy by the name of Dak Prescott as his No. 10 QB (gulp) so I don’t want to completely dismiss these rankings, but it’s encouraging to me that Kiper has Baker Mayfield ahead of Rudolph. Why? Well, Baker Mayfield ain’t going to the NFL after this year which tells me Mason Rudolph probably isn’t either.“We haven’t had very many players here I felt like were ready to enter that level of football as juniors,” said Gundy. “That’s including Weeden and Blackmon and Russell Okung. Even though they were great players, I didn’t feel like they were ready for what that level can put out there or put in front of those guys. That’s my opinion.”Here is the thing about Rudolph (and Washington) — they are true juniors. They didn’t get that redshirt freshman year to develop, enjoy college etc. That works in your favor if you’re Oklahoma State or a fan of Oklahoma State football. Still, it’s pretty cool that Rudolph is getting love from Kiper, Todd McShay and others.Oklahoma State QB Mason Rudolph makes some ridiculously accurate throws outside the numbers along the sideline @Zac_Robinson5#BigTimeThrow pic.twitter.com/Nw0ZKoUwTS— Steve Palazzolo (@PFF_Steve) November 12, 2016His time in the NFL will come. I just hope it’s in 2018 and not 2017.
Five-star wide receiver Terrace Marshall has narrowed his options to 11 schools, he announced on social media this week. The Bossier City, Louisiana native with 22 offers cut his list in half, naming Miami, Ole Miss, TCU, Texas, LSU, Alabama, Texas A&M, Auburn, OSU, OU, North Carolina and UCLA.https://twitter.com/TerraceMJR/status/825184811669131265A 6-foot-4, 200-pound 2018 recruit, Marshall has been on Oklahoma State’s radar for well over a year. The Cowboys offered him at the same time period that they extended an offer to Keondre Wudtee — now a current OSU quarterback. Wudtee and Marshall were a dynamic QB/WR duo, and it seems OSU is trying to parlay that connection into stealing one of the best receivers in the country. While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up. Check out some of the highlights from Wudtee’s senior season. The connection between he and Marshall (No. 80 — the guy who catches almost every pass). Also a reminder: Keondre Wudtee is going to be a very fun quarterback.
Nothing has been decided, offensive coordinator Mike Yurcich said Wednesday before the Spring Game, but the backup quarterback spot will be locked down, “sooner rather than later.”The obvious choice is redshirt junior Taylor Cornelius, who has been Mason Rudolph’s backup for two seasons and went 5-9 for 77 yards and a TD on Saturday in the Spring Game. But Yurcich said all of the throwers are coming along. He said it’s critical to name a No. 2 because the reps in practice need to be delegated.“It’s an ongoing battle right now,” Yurcich said. “A lot of competitiveness, and that’s fun to see those guys compete, but there’s a lot of learning to be had.”Rudolph said Cornelius, one of his best friends, is the veteran guy. Cornelius has played in four games, which is three more than the other three realistic candidates John Kolar, Keondre Wudtee and Jelani Woods have combined.“Really strong arm, pocket-passer, but he’s athletic enough to make plays on his feet,” Rudolph said of Cornelius. “Cerebral guy. Really smart. He came in the summer after me, so he’s been here a while. He really has a good feel for the offense.”Coach Mike Gundy has said that Woods will likely redshirt. Rudolph said he, too, is making strides but his head is still spinning at times. So that probably leaves Cornelius, Kolar and Wudtee. Kolar and Wudtee combined to go 2-8 with two interceptions in the Spring Game.Gundy said Rudolph’s reps have been cut significantly and given to Wudtee because they have a good understanding of where Cornelius is at. The good thing about those three and Rudolph is that they aren’t carbon copies of the same quarterback.Wudtee played football, basketball and ran track at Parkway High School in Bossier City, Louisiana. Kolar ran for more than 500 yards as a senior at Norman North. Cornelius racked up more than 9,000 passing yards in three seasons out of Bushland, Texas, with 88 touchdown passes. And Woods is 6-foot-7 with 235 pounds of weight on him.“In the spring you try to throw a lot at ’em and see what they can absorb, see where their boundaries at,” Yurcich said. “I think we’ve found that out with a lot of them, and now it’s kinda time to rein it in and really adjust our teaching to what we’ve learned about each individual.”Gundy said he hoped he could have named a backup by the end of the spring but can’t. Yurcich said there is no timetable for naming the backup. At the latest, a No. 2 will be named midway through fall camp, Gundy said.The other wrinkle here is that the backup QB might not play as much as the QB designated to play the J.W. Walsh role. That sounded on Saturday like it might be Wudtee (although he rushed three times for just -4 yards on Saturday).So you could have a scenario in which you have a QB1 (Rudolph), a QB2 (Cornelius) and a special-package short yardage QB who also serves as QB3 (Wudtee). There is still a lot to sort out, but Gundy sounded on Saturday like Cornelius is the man to beat at QB2.“I thought Taylor (Cornelius) played well,” said Gundy. “The defense was a little loaded on the orange. The two ends on the orange team were a lot more mature, put a lot of pressure on the black team. We had a hard time, black had a hard time controlling those guys, but I thought Taylor did a good job. The other guys that were inexperienced looked inexperienced to me. I thought number 14 did well.” While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up.
We’re almost to the halfway point of our countdown. With No. 51, let’s turn our attention to the Cowboys’ sole offensive lineman from the 2017 class.How he got to OSUWhen National Signing Day 2017 ended, the Cowboys had only secured one offensive lineman for the class. Former OL coach Greg Adkins had struck out in terms of landing (or holding on to) any high school commits. The one lineman he was able to secure before his dismissal was a 6-foot-5, 305-pound junior college tackle.Belleville High School (Ypsilanti, Mich.) product Arlington Hambright took the JUCO route after playing defensive end as a prep. Hambright played on both sides of the line at Garden City Community College. He was the Broncbusters’ starting left tackle and helped them complete an undefeated season and claim an NJCAA National Championship.AdChoices广告A highly-ranked JUCO prospect, Hambright originally committed to Toledo but re-opened his recruiting last summer. He chose Oklahoma State over offers from the likes of NC State, East Carolina, Memphis and Houston.On signing day, Mike Yurcich talked about what the coaching staff saw in Hambright.“Arlington is very athletic and has a tremendous upside,” said Yurcich. “We feel like he fits in well with what we are trying to do. He is coachable, has good flexibility and good change of direction. He has played both sides of the ball and moves well.”What he’s done in StillwaterA 2017 signee, Hambright took part in spring practice and appear in the spring game.Role in 2017With incoming Cal grad transfer Aaron Cochran’s decision to come to Stillwater, Hambright will likely be relegated to competition for a backup role. He’s in that group with Teven Jenkins, Dylan Galloway and Shane Richards, all fighting for a backup role at either tackle spot. He could even fill in at guard if needed.Noteworthy Stats and HighlightsRanked the No. 34 JUCO prospect in the 2017 class by Rivals. Was part of a dominant offensive line at GCCC that rushed for 194.8 yards per game and averaged 28.7 points. While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up.
“I look at bump-and-run corners. Not too much of a zone corner. So if you’re a man corner the Big 12 is the place to be. Not only Oklahoma State, but this is where I’m at so I’m rooting for Oklahoma State.”The Big 12 (and Oklahoma State) have traditionally lacked more compared to other conferences when it comes to interior defenders (although Joe Bob Clements is doing his best to rectify that). But I thought that was such a great point by Williams.If you’re a safety or a corner, why wouldn’t you come to Stillwater or Austin or Norman to play college football? Why would you go to Auburn or Athens or Nashville where you might defend only two or three passes a game?The Big 12’s reputation has a long way to go, but I think it can be a place (just like Stillwater can be a place) where elite offensive players attend school and just-as-elite defenders follow them. As Williams pointed out, it’s a smart route to take if you want to get better and eventually end up getting drafted in the first round like Gilbert. It wasn’t a surprise to us to hear offensive players talk about the allure of playing in a high-tempo offense like the one Mike & Mike have constructed in Stillwater. Oklahoma State’s lineage of elite, NFL-like receivers is growing, and more and more recruits want to be a part of it.“The offense,” said redshirt sophomore transfer Tyron Johnson. “They’re throwing it around. It’s something a receiver like me wants to be in. Any receiver actually. You see a team throwing it around like that it will catch your eye. That expectation has been met. Here they throw it a lot. A lot.”“It’s the offense,” said senior Chris Lacy. “Being a receiver we like to catch passes, and Oklahoma State is known for throwing the ball and putting receivers in the league. That’s what I wanted to do is come here and catch passes so I’m loving it.”AdChoices广告This pair will make up two of the cogs in what should be one of the best passing games in the country. It helps the reputation of your offense and school when you’re catching passes from pros, too. What was a bit of a surprise is that this same high-flying offense that averaged 2.89 points per drive last season tempts defensive players to come to Stillwater, too. Or the fact that other teams in the Big 12 have to toss it all over the yard to keep up with the OSUs of the world does, anyway.“I got to run into (Justin Gilbert) at the spring game,” said redshirt freshman corner Rodarius Williams. “I got to talk to him, him being a first round pick. He told me, ‘It’s a bunch of man to man so you’re going to get a lot of exposure with the ball.’ I was like, ‘I’m that type of corner that wants to be thrown at.’ So I was like, ‘I’m committing on the spot.’ He told me I’m making a great decision.” While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up.
Barcelona Busquets: Barcelona ready for tough Atletico clash Sacha Pisani Last updated 1 year ago 11:39 2/3/2018 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) Getty Images Barcelona Primera División Las Palmas Las Palmas v Barcelona The midfielder lamented two dropped points against lowly Las Palmas as he looked ahead to Sunday’s visit from Diego Simeone’s men Sergio Busquets said Atletico Madrid will be a tougher battle as the Barcelona midfielder quickly turned his attention to the top-of-the-table clash following Thursday’s shock draw at Las Palmas.La Liga leaders Barca dropped points against relegation-threatened Las Palmas, who earned a 1-1 draw after Jonathan Calleri’s penalty cancelled out Lionel Messi’s 21st-minute opener.Las Palmas were gifted the opportunity to equalise following the break when referee Antonio Mateu pointed to the spot, with Barca head coach Ernesto Valverde lamenting the “invisible penalty” post-match. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Williams case shows Solskjaer isn’t holding Man Utd’s youngsters back – he’s protecting them Goalkeeper crisis! Walker to the rescue but City sweating on Ederson injury ahead of Liverpool clash Out of his depth! Emery on borrowed time after another abysmal Arsenal display Diving, tactical fouls & the emerging war of words between Guardiola & Klopp The result saw Barca’s lead over second-placed Atletico left at five points and Busquets said: “We’ve dropped two points [against Las Palmas] in an important moment.”But we knew that it was a difficult ground to come to, even though they’re in the bottom three. “Sunday’s game against Atletico will be the tougher battle.”We are in a privileged position in La Liga and we’re going to try and keep it that way with a win this weekend.”On the penalty incident in the 48th minute, Barca team-mate Andres Iniesta added: “I didn’t see the penalty, but the referee referred to possible hands.”It is a contrary situation, as the [Las Palmas] goalkeeper’s handball outside the area before half-time was very clear, but we can’t change the result now. “We leave with a bittersweet sensation, because we’ve let two points go. We lacked that final pass in the final third and we weren’t able to build a bigger lead when we got ahead.” Undefeated Barca welcome Atletico to Camp Nou on Sunday.
Transfers Man Utd hoping to keep De Gea for many years to come – Fortune Chris Burton 02:20 5/3/2018 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) CRISTINA QUICLER Transfers Manchester United David de Gea José Mourinho Real Madrid Primera División Premier League The Spain international goalkeeper continues to be heavily linked with a move to Real Madrid, but a former Red Devils star is looking for him to stay Manchester United are hoping to keep David de Gea at the club for “many years to come”, says Quinton Fortune, with the Red Devils not in the business of selling the world’s best.Speculation continues to suggest that Real Madrid are preparing another raid on Old Trafford for a long-standing transfer target.The Blancos are willing to spend big on De Gea, despite the Spain international being under contract in England until at least 2019. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Williams case shows Solskjaer isn’t holding Man Utd’s youngsters back – he’s protecting them Goalkeeper crisis! Walker to the rescue but City sweating on Ederson injury ahead of Liverpool clash Out of his depth! Emery on borrowed time after another abysmal Arsenal display Diving, tactical fouls & the emerging war of words between Guardiola & Klopp United have the option to trigger a 12-month extension in the 27-year-old’s current deal, while fresh terms have been mooted for a man that Jose Mourinho and Co have no intention of parting with.Former Red Devils star Fortune told PA Sport on De Gea: “When he arrived at Old Trafford, he was a bit rocky at the start of his career but the improvement he has made has been unbelievable.”When you look at the last couple of seasons, he has been player of the year – which is a little bit weird for a Manchester United goalkeeper.”I think the position we are in the league and all the competition, I think David’s played a big role in that. Look at some of the games this season – he has kept us in games. The Sevilla game, especially, he was outstanding.”In my opinion, he’s probably the best goalkeeper in the world at this moment in time and we hope that continues. He’s been absolutely brilliant, and we hope we can keep him here for many years to come.”United are looking for De Gea to play a leading role in their future plans, with Fortune confident that Mourinho can piece together a Premier League title challenge if given further funds in which to try and close the gap on Manchester City over the summer.The South African added: “It’s a little bit frustrating to see us in second position [sic], but City has been outstanding this season and it will be a miracle to catch them.”They are going to have to lose every single game and we’re going to have to win every single game, but the signs are there for next season and there’s still a lot to play for this season.”The way we’re playing looks very difficult to beat in any competition, so I hope next season we’ll go that extra step further and win the league.”I am sure there will be changes in the summer. The manager will want to strengthen the team and that’s part of being a Manchester United player.”You want to improve, you want to have competition and I am sure the manager will strengthen his team and try to win the league next year.”