World Oceans Day in SA

first_imgThe great white shark, a protected speciesin South Africa. (Image: Brian Skerry,National Geographic) Gansbaai, on South Africa’s south-westerncoast, is a well-known shark hotspot.(Image: Chas Everitt)Janine ErasmusSouth Africa commemorated World Oceans Day and the declaration of 2009 as the International Year of the Shark by highlighting the country’s continuing commitment to shark conservation.Water and Environmental Affairs minister Buyelwa Sonjica hosted the commemorative event held on 8 June in Gansbaai (Afrikaans, meaning “bay of geese”) in the Western Cape, situated just south of Hermanus.The national theme for 2009 was “One Ocean, One Climate, One Future”, a message that highlights the need for careful consideration of the oceans in any climate change strategy.World Oceans Day falls in South Africa’s national environment month of June, which also focuses on climate change in 2009.The ocean and the atmosphere are closely linked, as the ocean generates oxygen and soaks up excess carbon dioxide – some experts say as much as 40% of all carbon dioxide produced by human activity. The ocean also provides millions of people with food and a livelihood, and its health and the future survival of all living creatures are inextricably bound.This is the first observation of World Oceans Day, which was declared by the United Nations as 8 June each year, starting in 2009 with the official theme of “Our Oceans, Our Responsibility”.Shark conservationSonjica described South Africa’s continuing progress towards a better understanding of the importance of sharks.“For several years we have committed to study these animals both for improving our understanding of their often secretive behaviour and for understanding our marine ecosystems,” she said. “South Africa, in addition to our research efforts, has also taken management measures to reduce the impact of fisheries on sharks.”Sonjica announced that South Africa is to terminate all pelagic shark fishing in its waters by the end of 2009. No new permits have been granted since 2005 and South Africa is currently in the final stage of phasing out the industry altogether.There are seven companies operating with special permission and the ministry plans to give these fisheries rights in swordfish and tuna longline fishing only, with sharks as a bycatch.The ministry has also reduced the number of right holders in the demersal, or bottom-dwelling, shark longline fishery to just six, and will monitor populations of the relevant species to determine whether further reductions are needed.Dignitaries at the event were treated to a cage dive, where they were able to see the sleek creatures at close range in their own habitat. They also learned about shark tagging and the numerous ways in which tagging helps scientists gather valuable information about the movement and population of sharks.Shark attractionCage diving with great white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) is Gansbaai’s primary tourist attraction, and the town is viewed as a major great white hub. Whale watching is another tourist drawcard, with southern right whales often seen in the waters around the town.Ecotourism contributes at least US$6.1-million (R50-million) every year to South Africa’s GDP. Sonjica added that proposals currently under consideration may soon see the shark, together with the whale, marketed as part of the big seven – that is, the big five plus the two marine mammals that bring so many visitors to South Africa’s shores.Dyer Island, 8km off Gansbaai’s shore, is a nature reserve for marine birds and a well-known site for shark conservation efforts.Protected speciesSouth Africa has always led the way in shark conservation. In 1991 the country became the first ever to classify the great white shark as a protected species and to ban outright the killing of the magnificent creatures within 320km of its coastline.South Africa was followed by Namibia, Maldives, Malta, the US, and Australia in introducing legislation to protect sharks. The great white is currently classified as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).Other sharks under threat include the black shark, the Chilean angel shark, the dusky shark, the leopard shark and the great hammerhead. There are over 200 species of shark on the IUCN Red List of endangered animals.A number of shark conservation programmes operate in South Africa, among them the White Shark Trust in the Dyer Island area, the White Sharks Projects based in Kleinbaai, south of Gansbaai, and Oceans Research based in Mossel Bay.The Natal Sharks Board has promoted the conservation of sharks for over 40 years. In mid-2008 the SOS Foundation (Save Our Seas) opened a shark research and education centre in Kalk Bay, south of Cape Town on the Cape peninsula.National plan of actionThe great white has gained an almost mythological reputation as a ruthless killer, a state of affairs perpetrated by the media, but the truth is that this predator does not specifically target humans.Experts believe many of the attacks happen through sheer curiosity, with the shark biting the unfamiliar object in the water just to see what it is. In most cases the shark releases the victim immediately, and the majority of fatalities occur through subsequent loss of blood.As predators, sharks also play a vital role in the balance of the marine ecosystem. However, the animals are threatened by wholesale slaughter of their numbers for shark fin soup, commercial longline fishing and the associated tragedy of bycatch, and habitat loss.South Africa plans to publish its national plan of action for the conservation and management of sharks, based on the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation‘s 1977 international plan of action, later in 2009. The international document encourages countries to draft their own national plans and contribute to the worldwide effort to save the shark.“This will place us as a world leader in shark conservation and management where we rightly belong,” said Sonjica, adding that strategies likely to be covered by the plan include research on sharks and shark attacks, marine protected areas and the protection of sharks within those areas, and collaboration with other countries in shark research.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Contact Janine Erasmus at janinee@mediaclubsouthafrica.com.Related articlesSaving our vulnerable sharksSouth Africa’s shark whispererBig fish, big teeth, big bucksCagey crafts from cage divingUseful linksInternational Year of the SharkSouth African White Shark Research InstituteWhite Shark ProjectsWhite Shark TrustOceans ResearchDepartment of Water and Environmental Affairslast_img read more

2017 Ohio Crop Tour I-75 Day 2

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest  I-75 Day 1 I-71 Day 1Montgomery County corn summary: This was a nice corn field. It had good plant health.  The stand count was 31,000 with good stalks and very uniform spacing.  There was GLS, anthracnose and common rust below the ear leaf. There was no insect pressure. The pollination was very good and the ears were filled to the end with a yield of 191 bushels.Montgomery Co. cornMontgomery Co. cornMontgomery County soybean summary: The beans were 33 inches tall in this nice looking field. It was about four inches to the first node. There was just a little bit of sudden death syndrome, but other than that there were no diseases or bugs. They were late planted and could definitely use another rain or two.Montgomery Co. beansGreene County corn summary: There was some GLS and some rust above the ear. There was anthracnose three leaves up. There was no insect pressure. The roots and stalks looked good. We found a harvest population of 30,500.  It was planted on May 28. We found a yield of 177 bushels. It has a ways to go with the late planting. There is a little tip-back.Greene Co. cornGreene Co. cornGreene county bean summary: Canopy height was 32 to 36 inches and the first node was at four inches. We saw a little frogeye and brown spot, but not bad. There was no insect pressure and some small pods. Today’s rain will really help. These were planted at 155,000 on May 27.Greene Co. beans Warren County corn summary: The corn is very tall. It was planted June 1 and 32,500 seeds were dropped. Today’s stand count was 26,000. The potential yield is 164. The biggest thing hurting the field is severe anthracnose leaf blight. It is the worst we have seen. We also found corn earworms feeding on the kernels. The anthracnose is a real issue. If the disease progresses the yield will go down.We found earworm working on the kernels.The anthracnose in this field was severe.Warren County soybean summary: The canopy was a good 50 inches tall and they were thick. They were about 10 inches to the first node and they were starting to lodge. They planted about 170,000 on May 16. They were podded up pretty well for as tall as they were and they were still adding pods. Rains today will really help. There was no real disease pressure or insects.The beans were the tallest we’ve seen in Warren County.The beans across the drive are double-crops, some of the nicest we’ve seen.Butler County corn summary: There was some anthracnose and some N deficiency up three leaves. There was no insect pressure. It was planted on April 20 with a population 34,000 and a current stalk count of 32,000. The yield looks to be about 182 bushels. This is as far along as any corn we’ve come across.Butler Co.CornButler Co. cornButler County soybean summary: These were in 15-inch rows with a drop of 155,000 on May 26. These are tall beans at 46 inches and the first node was at six inches. They were healthy with some brown spot and sudden death and a little frogeye. There was some Japanese beetle feeding. There was good pod set from top to bottom. With their height, some are already starting to go down. Overall this is a good field of beans.Butler Co. beansButler Co. beansPreble County corn summary: This was planted April 18 with a seeding rate from 32,000 to 38,000 and the harvest population was 25,000, which hurt the final yield estimate. It was tall corn with good stalks and good roots. There were large gaps in some rows. Above the ear leaf we found common rust, GLS and NCLB. There was anthracnose leaf blight two to three leaves up. Fungicide did hold off he rust. There was some N deficiency. The yield is 176 bushels.Preble Co. cornPreble Co. cornPreble County soybean summary: There is a 36-inch canopy with the first node about six inches up. There was no insect pressure and disease pressure was very limited. They were planted on May with a 160,000 and they were well podded with nice beans in the pods. These were good to excellent, closer to excellent.Preble Co. beansPreble Co. beansDarke County corn summary: This was planted April 18 with minimal disease and a little green snap. There was no insect pressure and ear fill was good. There was a population of 33,000 and a yield around 175 bushels.Darke Co. cornDarke Co. corn Darke County soybeans summary: This was a really nice field planted May 18 in 15-inch rows and a 155,000 population. Weed control was excellent and the plants are very healthy with nodes close together and podded heavily from the ground up. They still need rain to help them form. There was minimal disease and a 36-inch tall canopy. There was a fungicide application that kept the diseases in check. The overall rating is excellent in some of the best beans we’ve seen. The standability was excellent as well.Darke Co. beansDarke Co. beansMercer County corn summary: This field was replanted and the population was at 33,000. We saw a lot of issues in this field: GLS, common rust, anthracnose, silk feeding, and varying degrees of pollination with the first crop and the replanted crop. We found a155-bushel corn yield here and there are many gaps and spindly stalks. We saw fall armyworm working from the tip down the ear. We also found zipper ears missing two or three rows. There was maybe 7% or 8% of ears not developing correctly due to corn smut and that will also be a factor in the yield.We found fall armyworm in the Mercer County cornThere was a fair amount of smut and some fall armyworm damage in the corn, Mercer County soybean summary: Canopy height was 28 inches and the first node height four inches. There was a fair amount of brown spot, some frogeye, and around 20% of the plants had a leaf or two with chemical injury. There were many small pods with beans just starting to form that would benefit from a rain. This is a fair to poor field.There was some frogeye in the beans in Mercer County.We found chemical injury in Mercer County. Auglaize County corn summary: There was a 32,000 count for this April planted field. There was some common rust and a little anthracnose. There were some suckered stalks and the girthy ears were well filled. We found a 215-bushel yield here.Auglaize Co. cornAuglaize Co. corn Auglaize County soybean summary: This was a nice field with drilled 7.5-inch rows. The pop was 180,000 and they were standing well. They were planted April 27. This is a very healthy field at 38 inches tall with a first node five inches from the ground. There is some brown spot, SDS and the first frogeye we’ve found. Fungicide and insecticide have been applied. There was some Japanese beetle feeding, good root development and nice pod set from bottom to top. The field was uniform with excellent yield potential.Auglaize Co. beansAuglaize Co. beans Miami County corn summary: This is a very healthy field with good height and a population of 32,500. We saw a little GLS and common rust. We found anthracnose leaf blight that was very evident and there is some potential for stalk rot this fall. We saw some green snap here too. We found a yield of 201 in this nice field of corn.Miami Co. cornMiami Co. cornMiami County soybean summary: The soybean canopy was 37 inches and six inches to the first node. Disease pressure was light and there was a little Japanese beetle feeding. They were planted April 18 with a population of 165,000. They look good for 2.8 beans with good to excellent yield potential.Miami Co. beansMiami Co. beansShelby County corn summary: There was a population of 34,000 with some green snap problems, maybe 5% to 8% damage. Other than that, the corn was healthy and green with no N deficiency. No diseases or insects and ear fill was excellent. We found a yield of 200 bushels, but considering the green snap, a yield of 185 is probably more accurate.Shelby Co. cornShelby Co. cornShelby County soybean summary: It is very impressive when you look at the field. They are tall and green but they aren’t going to yield. They are 42 inches tall but the first pod above the ground is 9 inches. There are Japanese beetles actively feeding and there are not good clusters of pods and nodes are far apart. Yield potential is just fair in this field that looks really good from the road.Shelby Co. beanslast_img read more

10.5-second goal sets Spurs on way to win over Man United

first_imgSuns guard Isaiah Canaan breaks ankle in gruesome injury MOST READ “Unlucky is a different thing than ridiculous,” Mourinho said. “And after that Tottenham has the game in their hands.”It was a damaging defeat for Mourinho’s team, with Manchester City allowed to surge 15 points clear of its second-place neighbor by beating West Bromwich Albion 3-0.United was second-best all night in front of a Premier League record 81,978 fans at English soccer’s national stadium, which is Tottenham’s temporary home while a new venue is being built at White Hart Lane.Tottenham set the tone with its explosive start, producing the third fastest goal since the Premier League’s inception in 1992.After the kickoff, Jan Vertonghen’s high, long pass from inside his own half reached Harry Kane who headed to Dele Alli and the midfielder flicked the ball across for Eriksen to finish.ADVERTISEMENT “We prepare that situation,” Pochettino said, “… and give the signal to the opposition that we want to play in the opposition half and dominate the game and put pressure on them.”United should have been more alert, based on its preparations.“After kickoff is ridiculous, especially ridiculous because the players they watched it before, we analyze opponents,” Mourinho said. “The players knew the long ball, they knew Harry Kane normally he is already inside, before the kickoff, he is already inside the opponent. We knew everything and then we don’t press the ball.”Mourinho broke down United’s shortcomings in detail.“One mistake, we don’t clean the ball in the air,” he said. “Second mistake, we don’t win the second ball on the ground. Third mistake, we don’t cover the fullback inside when Eriksen comes. Four mistakes.”It was timed at only 0.1 seconds slower than Alan Shearer’s 10.4-second goal in 2003 for Newcastle against Manchester City. Tottenham does hold the record, with Ledley King netting after 9.9 seconds at Bradford in 2000.“One of the criticisms of ourselves over the last couple of weeks was our slow starts, it was something we wanted to improve on and we definitely did today,” Tottenham midfielder Eric Dier said. “We were in control of the game from beginning to end, we came out and pressed them and didn’t give them any time. They suffered under it.”For a Tottenham side that couldn’t even beat fourth-tier Newport in the FA Cup on Saturday — drawing 1-1 — beating United so convincingly reasserted its top-four credentials.Tottenham is two points outside the Champions League places in fifth, and heads to third-place Liverpool on Sunday. Liverpool felt the full force of Tottenham’s formidable counterattacking potency in October when Juergen Klopp’s side lost 4-1 at Wembley but inconsistency has proved costly.“You can win a game if you’re ready to fight,” Pochettino said, reflecting on a third successive home win over United. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City LATEST STORIES Tottenham goalkeeper Hugo Lloris was rarely troubled by one of the league’s most-expensively assembled teams, with only one save of significance required to block a shot from Romelu Lukaku.With the title appearing unattainable, United will have to settle with locking down second place for the team’s highest-place finish since Alex Ferguson won a record-extending English title in 2013 before retiring.“The distance to the leader was already considerable, even before this match,” Mourinho said. John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoisescenter_img Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers “It feels a bit weird to score from your first touch,” Eriksen said after Tottenham’s 2-0 victory.Jose Mourinho watched aghast. “Ridiculous,” was the United manager’s assessment after his conceded for the first time since Dec. 26.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutBut not quite as hard to fathom as the second goal.On a night when Mourinho’s side was outrun and new recruit Alexis Sanchez struggled to make an impact, United’s pitiful performance was summed up by the own-goal that sealed Tottenham’s win. Phil Jones inadvertently turned Kieran Trippier’s cross into his own net in the 28th minute when the United defender was under no immediate pressure. AFP official booed out of forum View comments Tottenham’s Christian Eriksen, center with back to camera, celebrates after scoring the opening goal during the English Premier League soccer match between Tottenham Hotspur and Manchester United at Wembley stadium in London, England, Wednesday, Jan. 31, 2018. (AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth)ONDON — Watched by the Premier League’s biggest-ever crowd, Tottenham scored one of the competition’s fastest goals.Manchester United hadn’t even had a chance to touch the ball when Christian Eriksen put the ball in the net after 10.5 seconds at Wembley Stadium on Wednesday.ADVERTISEMENT Read Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PHlast_img read more