West Nile cases dropped sharply in 2004

first_img 2003 WNV activity by state One reason to stay vigilant is that researchers are learning more about how serious West Nile is in people, O’Leary added. Ongoing studies of neuroinvasive cases show some patients suffer “lingering neurologic problems months or even years after the initial disease.” Although the epidemic’s severity dropped in 2004, O’Leary urged people to continue to use precautions against West Nile. Sep 8, 2004, CIDRAP News story on lingering effects of West Nile fever The hardest-hit states this year were in the West and Southwest, as measured by the numbers of neuroinvasive cases. California had 154 cases, Arizona 128, Texas 105, and Colorado 39. In contrast, last year California and Arizona had only 2 and 7 neuroinvasive cases respectively, while Colorado had 621. Texas was about the same last year, with 108 cases. Because West Nile fever is less severe, and because reporting of fever won’t be nationally mandated until 2005, experts focus on the neuroinvasive cases, explained Dan O’Leary, DVM, a medical epidemiologist in CDC’s Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases in Fort Collins, Colo. Dec 29, 2004 (CIDRAP News) – West Nile virus continued its relentless blanketing of the United States in 2004, marching westward but leaving far fewer dead and ill people in its wake than it did last year. Once a state has the virus, it remains endemic from season to season, O’Leary said. Only Washington state has reported finding the virus in animals (a bird and a horse in 2002) without seeing any subsequent animal or human cases. Cooler weather appears to reduce the spread of the virus, which may contribute to Washington’s situation, he added. 2004 WNV activity by state Only about 20% of people infected with the virus get sick and only about 1 in 150 infected people has neurologic involvement, according to information on CDC’s Web site. A mosquito-borne pathogen, West Nile virus was discovered in New York City in 1999 and spread steadily westward in the ensuing years. Now some 55 species of mosquito carry the virus, although Culex mosquitoes are considered the primary vectors, O’Leary said. Although the epidemic had as broad a geographic reach this year as last year, the 2004 case total represented a sharp drop from last year’s 9,862 cases. The 2003 total included 6,830 fever cases, 2,866 cases of neuroinvasive disease, and 166 unspecified cases. There were 264 deaths. A total of 2,448 cases have been reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta so far this year. That includes 87 deaths, 888 cases of neuroinvasive disease (West Nile meningitis and West Nile encephalitis), 1,011 West Nile fever cases, and 549 other clinical or unspecified cases. “States where the virus has occurred previously and continues to occur, there is ongoing human risk. People shouldn’t let down their guard because it wasn’t a big epidemic,” he said. He recommended checking local West Nile activity on state health department Web sites and remembering to use effective mosquito sprays for outdoor activities. As in past years, some severe localized outbreaks occurred this year, often on the leading edge of the West Nile wave or in places where the virus arrived within the past year, O’Leary said. Last year Colorado had a severe epidemic with 2,947 total cases, but this year the center of West Nile activity moved west, he said. Phoenix, Ariz., and Riverside, San Bernardino, and Los Angeles counties in California saw more than 100 cases each. However, Mesa County, Colo., had about 125 cases this year, he said. See also: Aside from the change in the number of people afflicted, other aspects of the disease this year were generally consistent with past years. The 87 deaths this year represent a case-fatality rate for neuroinvasive disease of about 9.8%, compared with a rate of about 9.2% in 2003. O’Leary said the neuroinvasive case-fatality rate has remained steady at about 9% to 10% since the virus landed on US soil.last_img read more

Teachers go extra mile to teach students as schools remain closed

first_imgWearing a black-and-gray scarf as a face mask, teacher Fransiskus Xaverius Faimau, 37, in North Central Timor regency, East Nusa Tenggara, was showing his class of five children study materials on his laptop under the glaring sun when one of the girls interrupted him.“Sir, when can we gather again with our friends at school? We miss wearing our school uniforms,” Fransiskus recalled the comments of his fourth-grade student.“We will have to wait for the [government’s] announcement. You can wear your uniform but you will have to wait for your teachers to come to your house first,” Fransiskus told The Jakarta Post recently, recalling his answers to the student. Every weekday morning, at least two teachers from Kecil Fatutasu elementary school go to two or three houses to teach students living in a particular neighborhood in small groups during the COVID-19 pandemic.For two of his far-flung students, Fransiskus has to ride his motorcycle for 5 kilometers and then walk for another 30 minutes across rivers. He sometimes teaches them in an open field while their parents work on their land.“Children have to keep learning because if we just leave, they will go back to square one as they will play around and forget what has been taught to them,” Fransiskus said.Many other teachers in Indonesia like Fransiskus have gone the extra mile to teach students, often without the internet or electricity, as schools have been closed since the government urged people in March to work and study from home during the pandemic. Authorities have called on schools to turn to e-learning and educational programs on TV as an answer to the problem of school closures. Indonesia is also facing gaps in school participation and the quality of education between better-resourced and less well-resourced areas.“And at a time when all parties have been caught flat-footed because there was no preparation to deal with this [remote learning], the creativity of the teachers supported by parents and the community is an important asset in a healthy learning process,” Cahaya Guru Foundation chairwoman Henny Supolo said.Read also: Disconnected: Digital divide may jeopardize human rightsIn Berinang Mayung in remote Landak regency, West Kalimantan, e-learning is also not an option for Heriyanto, 52, a fifth-grade teacher at SD 08 state elementary school. Most of his students have neither television nor even an electricity supply, let alone internet access.Wearing mask, Yuliana (right), a teacher at SD 08 state elementary school in Berinang Mayung in Landak regency, West Kalimantan, teaches a student (center) who is accompanied by her parent. (Courtesy of/SD 8 elementary school headmaster)Heriyanto and his fellow teachers also go door to door each day during the pandemic to teach their pupils despite possible exposure to the virus that has infected at least five people across Landak regency.During the home visits, Heriyanto always reminds his students to wear masks and wash their hands before joining his lessons. “I also always make sure there are no more than five students in one group,” he said.Heriyanto has 23 students in fifth grade but he has lost contact with eight of them since the pandemic began. The eight students live in remote villages that cannot be reached by Heriyanto on his motorcycle.The school has seven teachers and 146 students in total and the pandemic has changed the way they study and teach, with headmaster Kristina Ponia saying they “are trying to keep the students safe, at the same time preventing them from being left further behind [in education].”Meanwhile, facilitators from education consultant Willi Toisuta and Associates have been working with local village heads and teachers in Teluk Bintuni, West Papua, since mid-March to distribute printed modules to help teach about 300 students daily from five schools.They have designed the program to actively engage students through projects related to their daily activities, such as learning physics and mathematics from the boiling point of cooking water. They also provide guidelines for parents on how to assist their students in the learning process.While waiting for the government’s next move before deciding the program’s future, the consulting firm’s managing director Eka Simanjuntak urged the government to use scientific evidence as a basis to open schools, such as determining the risk of infection among children and the impact of closing schools on them.Authorities have said that school reopening will only be allowed in regions listed as “green zones”, where no COVID-19 cases have been recorded. It is also expected that the academic year will begin around July 13th but the learning process will not necessarily be face-to-face at school, depending on the region. As of May 30, health authorities listed 102 regencies and cities as green zones, of the total 514 regencies and cities in 34 provinces.Coordinating Human Development and Culture Minister Muhadjir Effendy said the education sector would be the last to be reopened, with plans to reopen school campuses by the end of the year or at the beginning of 2021.Read also: School reopening raises concerns as health risks loomBut remote regions are not alone in facing similar hurdles. In Malaka Jaya, East Jakarta, SD 11 state elementary school teacher Syarifah Widiyati Agustin has to extend deadlines until late at night for students to report back to teachers, as students have to wait for their parents or siblings before they can use a phone to do home assignments.She also previously had to spend her own money to buy mobile data for her students to continue their remote learning before the city administration allowed schools to re-allocate their Education Operational Funds (BOP) for mobile data. Some parents, she said, could not afford to buy mobile internet data for their kids.Topics :center_img But the digital divide remains a problem, with a 2018 Indonesian Internet Providers Association (APJII) survey showing that internet usage is centralized on the most populous island of Java and other urban areas.last_img read more

Petr Cech pays tribute to Arsenal and Chelsea as he saves crucial penalty on ice hockey debut

first_imgChelsea and Arsenal fans will love the customised helmet which Cech had made for his debut on the ice. Petr Cech paid tribute to Arsenal and Chelsea during a dream ice hockey debut (Picture: Getty)Petr Cech made sure to pay tribute to former clubs Arsenal and Chelsea during a dream ice hockey debut for Guildford Phoenix this weekend.The Phoenix – reserve side of the British National League outfit Guilford Flames – announced Cech’s arrival last week and the 37-year-old received messages of support from the footballing world as he embarked on his new journey.Cech looked at home on the ice as Phoenix’s clash with Swindon Wildcats went to overtime on Sunday evening, with the sides tied at 2-2 after 60 minutes.Incredibly, the veteran Czech was Phoenix’s hero in a nail-biting penalty shootout, sealing the win for the home team with a crucial save at the death.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTMore: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man CityAfter being mobbed by his new team-mates in jubilant scenes at the Guildford Spectrum, Cech was named man of the match for his outstanding performance.You simply couldn’t write this stuff…A dream ice hockey debut for Petr Cech 🏒🙌He produced the crucial save in a nail-biting penalty shootout to secure the win for Guildford Phoenix pic.twitter.com/3OEHNfKjk7— Metro Sport (@Metro_Sport) October 13, 2019 Comment Advertisement Cech wore the crests of both London clubs on his helmet (Picture: Getty)Last week, Chelsea ensured supporters that Cech’s new ice hockey career would not affect his role as technical and performance advisor at Stamford Bridge.[Cech] will play as goalie for Guildford Phoenix, which is located close to where he lives,’ Chelsea explained on their website.‘When his Chelsea Football Club schedule allows, he is ready to help them in their league games.’ Cech was repping both Chelsea and Arsenal on the ice (Picture: Getty) Petr Cech pays tribute to Arsenal and Chelsea as he saves crucial penalty on ice hockey debut Metro Sport ReporterSunday 13 Oct 2019 8:20 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link1.4kShares Cech impressed after swapping the football pitch for the ice rink (Picture: Getty)On his move into ice hockey, Cech said: ‘I am delighted to have the opportunity to play with the Phoenix to get the match experience.‘I hope I can help this young team to achieve their goals for the season and try to win as many games as possible when I have the chance to play.‘After 20 years of professional football this is going to be a wonderful experience for me to play the game I loved to watch and play as a kid.’More: FootballBruno Fernandes responds to Man Utd bust-up rumours with Ole Gunnar SolskjaerNew Manchester United signing Facundo Pellistri responds to Edinson Cavani praiseArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesPhoenix head coach Andy Hemmings added: ‘The signing of Petr is massive for the Phoenix.‘He is a great guy who trains hard and I cannot wait to see him make his debut.’MORE: Granit Xhaka and Stephan Lichtsteiner ridiculed over comedy free-kick routine Advertisement Still got it @chelseayouth @ChelseaFC @PetrCech pic.twitter.com/34NDRh0iJ4— bloooo (@bloooo26) October 13, 2019last_img read more

Chaffey advances with D3-A win vs. Barstow

first_img Don Lugo 56, Nogales 54 Samantha Bowles scored 16 points and was 8-for-8 at the free throw line as the Conquistadores (13-12) defeated the 15th-seeded Nobles to advance to the second round for the first time since 2001. Sophomore Melanie Fagaly scored 10 points and was 6-of-6 from the free throw line in the fourth quarter. DIVISION II-AA Claremont 68, Temple City 57 Cara Sehreinber scored 11 points for Barstow. DIVISION III-A Brandi Brown scored 30 points and grabbed 19 rebounds as the Wolfpack (14-13) defeated the Rams in the first round of the playoffs. Hailey Beck added 14 points and dished seven assists – all to Brown – for Claremont, which plays Saturday at Norco. Upland 55, Culver City 39 Tamesha Jackson hit five 3-pointers and scored 29 points to help host Upland advance out of the wild-card round. Destiny Berger added 13 points for the Highlanders (16-13), who play Saturday at Edison. Latijera Avery led Culver City (12-14) with 17 points. DIVISION IV-A Upland Christian 74, Antelope Valley Christian 27 Jaime Polk scored 22 points and Jennyanna Jefferson had 12 points and 10 assists to lead the Eagles (18-3). Destinee Duncan add 17 points for Upland Christian, which jumped out to a 26-10 lead first-quarter lead and never looked back. Mesa Grande 52, L.A. Price 19 Junior Carla Bartlett scored 23 points in a first-round rout over visiting Price. She added five assists and four steals for Mesa Grande (21-5), which faces Saddleback Valley Christian on Saturday. Sophomore Megan Williams had 17 rebounds and 10 points and teammate Alyse Schwerdt added 14 rebounds. DIVISION V-A Calvary Baptist 51, Nuview Bridge 21 Mary Valdivia scored 20 points with 13 steals as the Cougars (14-5) defeated the Eagles to reach the second round for the first time in more than a decade. Nikole Logue added 21 points with 16 rebounds for Calvary Baptist. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!center_img Lute Seluini scored 14 points with six rebounds and six assists as Chaffey defeated Barstow, 59-36 in CIF-Southern Section DivisionIII-A girls basketball first-round play Thursday. Losa Akauola added six points and 12 rebounds for Chaffey (20-6). last_img read more