Notre Dame tri-military ROTC holds Veterans Day ceremony

first_imgFaculty, staff, cadets and midshipmen of Notre Dame’s Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) held the annual Veterans Day Ceremony at the Clarke Memorial Fountain on Wednesday. Members of the Army, Navy and Air Force ROTC participated in the ceremony to honor veterans.  Andrew Brannon, a first-year master’s student and second lieutenant in the Air Force, said the Veterans Day Ceremony is a big part of what they do in ROTC. “It’s thanking the veterans, making sure we’re aware of the sacrifices they’ve [made] and showing our appropriate respectfulness towards that,” Brannon said. For 24 hours prior to the ceremony, ROTC members held a vigil, taking shifts standing guard at Clarke Memorial Fountain to pay respects to veterans. The fountain was guarded despite the rain Tuesday night. “It’s similar to the theme that we have of being respectful, being professional [and] making sure that we have the proper respect for the veterans during the vigil, regardless of weather and conditions,” said sophomore Pat Campbell, a cadet third class. The ceremony began with remarks on the history of Veterans Day, the national anthem and a prayer.  Joe Donnelly, former U.S. Senator of Indiana, was the keynote speaker at the ceremony. Donnelly earned both his B.A. and J.D. from Notre Dame. He is now a professor at the University in the department of political science.Donnelly’s speech emphasized the heroism of our servicemen and women and of Notre Dame veterans’ contributions to the armed forces. He described the importance of the words, “God, Country, Notre Dame,” which is inscribed on the Basilica of the Sacred Heart. “It’s so much more than a slogan,” Donnelly said. “It is the code by which we try to live our lives.”Donnelly spoke of Fr. William Corby, a former president of Notre Dame, who served as a Union Army chaplain in the Civil War. Corby was attached to the Irish Brigade at the Battle of Gettysburg. Donnelly then addressed current Notre Dame ROTC members, affirming the importance of the lessons they learn at Notre Dame in regards to their future deployments with the military. “We believe in service [at Notre Dame], … and all of you who are in ROTC epitomize that completely,” Donnelly said. Notre Dame ROTC gifted Donnelly with a plaque in appreciation of his speech. “I thought [Donnelly’s speech] was really important,” Brannon said. “Especially at a time when our country is so divided. … It was a speech about unity and what brings us together and celebrating the sacrifices that everyone’s made so that we can get to where we are today.”Freshman Annmarie Hackworthy, a cadet fourth class, believes guarding the fountain is a good time for ROTC members to reflect on what veterans have sacrificed for our country and to remember they are falling in that line of duty. “It’s really cool to be able to honor the veterans by doing this,” Hackworthy said. “It’s a little thing that we can do for them when they gave it all.”Tags: Clarke Memorial Fountain, ROTC, Senator Joe Donnelly, Veterans Day Megan Fahrney | The Observer Members of the Notre Dame ROTC gathered in front of the Clarke Memorial Fountain to commemorate Veterans Day Wednesday evening.last_img read more

French faithful flash car hazard lights for communion at post-lockdown mass

first_imgTopics : It was held on the seventh day of a progressive easing of France’s strict lockdown instituted in mid-March to brake the spread of the virus which has killed more than 27,000 people in France.Under new, looser regulations, people are allowed to leave their homes and travel up to 100 kilometers. But gatherings of more than 10 people remain prohibited as the country seeks to progressively get back to normal without unleashing a new infection wave. At Sunday’s service in eastern France, hard hit by coronavirus, strict rules applied. Catholics in France’s virus hit east on Sunday gathered for their first mass in weeks, praying and singing hymns from the relative safety of their cars.Some 500 believers gathered in Chalons-en-Champagne in about 200 cars parked at least a meter from one another outside the city’s main exhibition hall. “It is a triumph of life,” bishop Francois Touvet told AFP, adding that the initiative was a first for France and went ahead only after the authorities gave special permission.center_img Cars were checked at the entrance to ensure each occupant was wearing a mask and had access to virus-killing hand gel.No more than four people were allowed per car, and no-one was allowed to get out. At the front of the car park, a pulpit complete with a cross and a statue of the Virgin Mary had been erected on a truck trailer, from where Touvet delivered his sermon over a microphone.  At the foot of the stage, a dozen priests and deacons sat arranged in a semi-circle, their chairs carefully spaced a safe distance from each other.Worshippers who wished to receive communion were asked to switch on their car’s hazard lights, and to clean their hands with sanitizing gel. Priests wearing face masks, their hands also disinfected, then went around from car to car.”Clean hands give the communion, clean hands receive it,” said Touvet. “An exceptional measure for an exceptional situation.”For Marie-Lorene, a 21-year-old resident of Chalons-en-Champagne, the mass was an opportunity to pray “for all those who have died of coronavirus for all those who fight against coronavirus and then for all the people who help the sick”.Touvet told the faithful they would celebrate Pentecost together at the end of the month, either in church, “or here again”, to worship “in this world wounded and overwhelmed by a small, invisible virus”.last_img read more

Margaret Mary Health plans April blood drive

first_imgBatesville, In. —Margaret Mary Health, in conjunction with Hoxworth Blood Center, is hosting a blood drive on April 2 from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. in a donor bus outside the hospital.All donors must be at least 17 years old and weigh a minimum of 110 pounds. A photo ID is required the day of donation, and donors are strongly encouraged to eat a good meal and drink plenty of water or juice before donating.To schedule your appointment, call (800)830-1091 or click here.last_img

New Mexicos American Indian population crashed 100 years after Europeans arrived

first_img Email The new study suggests the latter, at least in the Jemez province in northern New Mexico. At one time, the region was full of villages and fieldhouses, says Matthew Liebmann, an archaeologist at Harvard University and lead author of the paper. “You can’t walk around on top of these mesas for more than a couple hundred yards without coming across an archaeological site.” Although few of these sites have been excavated, they have been well preserved because they lie within a national forest.So Liebmann and his team just needed a way to map the ruins without the trees getting in the way. That’s exactly what LiDAR allowed them to do: By sending pulses of laser light down from an airplane, the team soon had a map of the Jemez province, sans trees. Then, they converted the volume of rubble visible today into an approximate number of rooms that must have existed in each of the large villages. From this, they estimated how many people lived there just before the first Spanish explorers arrived in the area in 1541: between 5000 and 8000. That made the province “probably one of the more densely occupied areas of the American Southwest on the eve of European contact,” Liebmann says.To figure out when the Jemez villages were abandoned, Liebmann and his colleagues counted the rings of trees now growing on the landscape. When a tree is growing, say, inside what was once a house, “the age of that tree would give you at least a minimum time since the structure was last occupied,” says Tom Swetnam, a dendrochronologist at the University of Arizona in Tucson who worked with Liebmann. Many trees now growing in and around the Jemez villages sprouted in the 1630s and 1640s, suggesting that the communities were abandoned around that time, the team reports today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.That’s about 100 years after the first contact with Europeans, but it coincides with the establishment of Catholic missions, the first permanent European settlements in the region. That suggests the area’s colonization triggered the depopulation, says Nevle, not something that happened before, such as occasional contact with Spanish explorers. The exact details remain unclear, but perhaps “it was something about bringing so many people together in the mission system that provided the critical mass for diseases to move across the population,” Nevle says.Colonial documents mention plagues sweeping through Jemez in the 17th century, which supports the idea that a large part of the depopulation was due to disease. The few survivors eventually retrenched in one village near the main mission, which may have also contributed to the abandonment of other settlements. Four decades later, by the early 1680s, there were fewer than 850 Pueblo people left in Jemez province, LiDAR data from the remaining village and Spanish colonial documents indicate. That’s a loss of 87% of the original population. The native peoples’ descendants, members of the Pueblo of Jemez, still live there today.The tree samples also revealed scars from forest fires, which allowed Swetnam to see how the fire ecology of the Jemez province changed after the population crash. When the villages were still occupied, “people were using every stick of wood for firewood,” Swetnam says, so forest fires didn’t have much fuel to work with. Before 1620, extensive fires burned through Jemez about once every 17 years, he calculated; after 1620, that increased to every 11 years, presumably because people were no longer clearing the underbrush and chopping down trees for construction.What’s more, “there’s no evidence that any of these villages that we’re studying had any catastrophic fires go through them,” Swetnam says. That is in stark contrast to today, as forest fires are becoming both more frequent and more intense in the Jemez region. “The role of ancient Pueblo people in culling or thinning understory provides a really intriguing model for how we might decrease the number of catastrophic fires,” Lekson says. Liebmann says he is already working with the Pueblo of Jemez to help them apply his study’s lessons about sustainably controlling fire. Click to view the privacy policy. 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Country In the 1500s, the ponderosa pine forests of Jemez province in New Mexico were home to between 5000 and 8000 people. But after Europeans arrived in the area, the native population plummeted by more than 80%, probably because of a series of devastating epidemics. A new study suggests the crash took place 100 years after the first contact with Europeans. It also suggests that the sudden drop in the local population had dramatic ecological effects, including an increase in forest fires.The authors of the paper used a “terrific combination” of dendro-ecology—which uses the rings of trees to determine their ages and reconstruct past environments—fire ecology, and LiDAR, a remote sensing technique based on laser light, says Steve Lekson, a Southwestern archaeologist at the University of Colorado, Boulder, who wasn’t involved in the study. “It’s such an amazing approach,” agrees Richard Nevle, an environmental scientist at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, who has studied the ecological effects of the American Indian population crash. “No one has really pulled all these different pieces together so well before. It raises the bar.”American Indian populations plummeted after the arrival of Europeans in the New World, largely because of the spread of smallpox, typhus, measles, and other infectious diseases. But archaeologists and historians have debated the exact timing and severity of the decline. Did diseases race out ahead of colonial settlement, decimating communities that hadn’t even met Europeans? Or did it take more sustained contact between the two populations to spark epidemics?last_img read more